It is case study analysis that aims to produce an in-depth examination of a single case in regard to which they engage in a theoretical analysis. The main issue in which the researcher engages is the quality of the theoretical reasoning.
However, a case study design is not every time linked with an inductive approach. Case studies could be both associated with both theory generation and theory testing. Few researchers see case study as a means of refining or challenging the existing theories rather to work on bringing out new theories or concepts case study can play an important role in the testing of hypotheses as it can conduct a prospective case study design.
A new proposal has been suggested by developing hypotheses that relates to an ongoing process which are to be tested in future by the collection of qualitative data allowing the researcher to determine if the hypothesised patterns relate to the findings or not.