When Dissertation Translators Become Dissertation Editors

One of the questions that many students have with regard to their projects is whether those who give them translation assistance can also edit their reports. This is especially true for students who are from non-English speaking countries and they could be working on their projects in their native language or in some other foreign language.

The idea is that the translators already have good knowledge of the language that the student is working in. They also have good knowledge over English. This perhaps makes them the ideal candidate to edit their content as well. The other good thing about translators combining as editors is that it gives them the opportunity to explain to the student mistakes that he had made in his project in his native language. They will not have to struggle to explain his errors in English, which is a language that the students might not be comfortable in. The students also like it when the individual they are taking assistance from can help them in their own language.

They are many translators who are skilled enough at language to offer editing help as well. After all, both translation and editing require a high degree of language skills. Surely, if the individual can do one then he can do the other as well.

Students also find that this saves them a lot of time. If the person they are taking translation help from can also edit their reports then it would be like killing two birds with one stone. Then they will not have to take the help of two separate experts for a task that can be combined. Since the translator is already familiar with the project, he or she will find that editing the report gets done a lot faster and a lot easier.

Purview and Purpose of Peer Review

All research papers have to go through a rigorous process of review before getting published. Since all publications resort to independent peer review, having your paper reviewed beforehand by experienced peer review experts will make your journey to publication hassle free by improving the quality of your paper.

What is peer review?

Peer review means a thorough assessment of a research paper by experts from the concerned field. These experts may be academicians or professionals, with in depth knowledge about the issue discussed in the paper. To be effective, peer review must be unbiased. Hence, most universities and publication houses follow the double blinded refereeing process for peer review, where the identity of the author is not revealed to the reviewer.

Purpose of Peer Review

Through a peer review, the following points are verified:

• Whether the paper is in line with the accepted research standards in terms of language used
• The format and presentation are up to the mark
• Data and statements presented in the paper are valid and the analysis is accurate
• There is no plagiarism in content, and ideas stated by the author are original
• The issue discussed is relevant and the results are meaningful, providing solutions that are practically applicable

In case some flaw is revealed during the review, the same is pointed out and corrections are suggested. Editors use the peer reviewer’s report to judge the value of a research paper that is submitted for publication.

Before you send your paper to a peer reviewer, enquire thoroughly about her credentials; or you can choose to take help from a trusted service provider that has well known peer reviewers on board. Pay attention to the advice offered by the experts and edit appropriately to make your paper flawless.

Disadvantages of using statistical software tools

Every technology or a new invention has its own advantages and disadvantages. While advantages can be quickly understood and utilized, disadvantages cannot be found initially but can observed over a period of time. The same is with the software tools used for statistical analysis. Many of these tools are used by industry experts, academicians, researchers and students for research and analysis purposes. While many of the tools are accurate some tools might not produce accurate results. Also the decision of which tool to be used lies with the researchers and so every tool must be carefully selected. Some of the statistical tools require programming at basic levels or higher levels which every person might not be capable of. Other statistical tools which does not require coding has some limitations like model intervention which is limited. The main disadvantage of tools which use coding is that people require some time get trained and get expertise on the tool before using them.


Documentation can be a real problem for some of these software’s and the graphical user interfaces (GUIs) is also complicated in some software tools. Although many tools have multivariate graphical methods some of the features are limited in this area. Some tools cannot read or accept data from other packages or tools. The spreadsheet presentation may not be good and easy as that of excel and so people have to limit the beauties’ of the presentation to some extent. In some tools sophisticated and high level statistical tests are limited and some even might not have them. Some statistical tools require high level hardware tools or latest computers and might be slow on old computers. Use of any statistical tool requires basic knowledge of the tool and in-depth knowledge why such a particular process or analysis is required and being used. Without proper knowledge of statistics, these tools might not be helpful for layman.

Why Conferences are more important than Journals?

1Research in any academic domain across the world all the time calls for collaboration, so that conjugation and overlap of more than one areas can bring forth more significant results from a research based study, which may not be possible on the part of a single researcher. In order to make a proper collaboration, researchers try to look for a platform, where they can meet a huge number of researchers and practitioners from diverse areas, and can have a fair chance to collaborate with them. That is the reason the researchers have the desire of participation in reputed conferences across the world. Apart from that, publication opportunities in conferences can also be an added advantage.

If the conferences and journals are compared, then it can be seen that conferences may seem to be more significant than journals in several aspects. Following are some of those aspects:

  • As discussed earlier, conference can provide the researchers with a great platform for having discussions with other researchers, and in turn, they can collaborate with researchers and practitioners from other disciplines.
  • Researchers always try to look for new research ideas, which can probably be their next works of interest. Going through the pages of any journal can hardly solve that purpose, whereas interacting with other researchers and listening to other research ideas can invoke an ample amount of thought and insight, which may not be possible by going through journals.
  • While sending a paper to a journal, a researcher tries to put forth the best efforts in terms of the quality and content. However, the papers go through a series of revisions, which is not the case for a conference, where a researcher has to put forth more efforts in order to get that paper selected in single shot.

To know more about various differential aspects of conferences and journals in any particular field of academics, kindly browse through the pages of www.360researchpapers.com.

Role of online databases for research

Technology transition from print media to digital technology has been helping students, scholars and teachers for their research and teaching purposes. Online databases have been playing a vital role helping students preparing dissertations and thesis. Earlier it was a difficult task of obtaining information from various books and journal running around libraries. With many online databases available students can get even more information within few minutes saving a lot of time and money. Some of the databases are free for students while some of them are paid sources. Some databases encourage students to share information thereby providing needed information for students in exchange. A lot of information on technology, arts, humanities, science and medical related information can be obtained from these online databases. Also students must check the authenticity and relevant source of information to avoid plagiarism. Especially when students are faced with time shortage online databases can quickly help students retrieve information.

The one problem with these online databases is that most of the students have limited access to journals and articles. Many of the databases provide limited access for students with free subscription. So in one way they might provide very limited information. Also with online databases students can quickly check the formats and structure of dissertation or thesis if they do not have an idea about them earlier. Some of the databases also provide sample dissertations, thesis proposals, dissertation topics which will help students in starting their thesis work initially. Many universities also provide database access to their teaching staff to support their teaching, research and development. Some of the databases provide information in audio format but such databases are very few. Still there are many students yet to utilize the fruits of technology which will help them reduce the burden and utilize the resources properly.

Important scaling techniques

The scaling techniques are used in the context of research more importantly in relation to social or business research.

The traits of a person or features of any particular thing involve a vivid description thus constituting the rating scale. While using rating scale, the object is judged in absolute terms against any specific criteria like judging the properties of objects without any regard to other same objects.

Ratings could take forms like:

  • Like-dislike
  • Above average
  • Average
  • Below average
  • Very much
  • Somewhat
  • Neutral
  • Dislike somewhat
  • Dislike very much
  • Excellent
  • Good
  • Average

No specific is there in regard whether to use a two-point scale or three points or also scale with no points. Generally, three to seven points’ scales are being used for the only reason that more points on a scale gives an opportunity for greater sensitivity of measurement.

Rating scale can be classified as:

The graphic rating scale

The itemized rating scale.


What role does values play in the research process has become a topic of concern?

The following are the areas around which the ethical issues revolve:

How should the people be treated on whom the research is conducted? Should such activities be designed where the researcher should involve the respondents?

The role of professional associations comes in the foreplay like American Academy of Management (AOM) and the Market Research Society (MRS), having formulated on behalf of their members.

Statements of professional principles could be could be easily accessed from the internet. The way ethical issues have been dealt within the social sciences by Social Research Association (SRA), the British Sociological Association (BSA) and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Writers differ in their opinion about ethical concerns. The main points in the debate do not seem to get carry forward to a larger extent. The ethical issues that were raised during the 1960s continue even today. Extreme cases of individuals or organisations not going by ethical norms are associated with specific research methods lie disguised observation and also the use of deception in experiments. This implies that ethical concerns are contained in few methods and not others. It could be taken that other methods like overt ethnography and questionnaires are aloof from ethical problems


It is case study analysis that aims to produce an in-depth examination of a single case in regard to which they engage in a theoretical analysis. The main issue in which the researcher engages is the quality of the theoretical reasoning.

However, a case study design is not every time linked with an inductive approach. Case studies could be both associated with both theory generation and theory testing. Few researchers see case study as a means of refining or challenging the existing theories rather to work on bringing out new theories or concepts case study can play an important role in the testing of hypotheses as it can conduct a prospective case study design.

A new proposal has been suggested by developing hypotheses that relates to an ongoing process which are to be tested in future by the collection of qualitative data allowing the researcher to determine if the hypothesised patterns relate to the findings or not.

Getting the most from your reading

A great amount of time is devoted to reading lot of literature during the early stages of research work. Therefore, while reading the existing literature the researcher should try to do the following:

The researcher should try to take good notes including details of the material the researcher reads. It’s difficult to find that the researcher forgets to record the volume number of an article he/she has gone through and not included in the bibliography.

The researcher should try developing critical reading skills. While reviewing the literature the scholar should do more than simply summarise what has been read and should be critical in his approach. This involves moving beyond mere description and putting up questions about the importance of the work.

The literature review should be used as a means of showing why the research questions are important.

The researcher should keep in mind that he/she would want to return to a lot of literature that he has gone through while discussing his findings and conclusion.

The researcher should try not to bring in what all material has been raed through in literature review. The literature review should help in developing an argument rather than undermining the ability to get arguments across.

Once the literature review is done, the reading should not stop there. It should continue for further enrichment of work.

Entrepreneurship in small scale industries

In the organised sector India lags behind some of its new counterparts and the first world countries. Most of the people in the country have been looking for a secured job as the basic nature of people has been to avoid risk. Entrepreneurship involves opening up of new business settings or revitalising already established organisations to respond to any changes and demands in the market.

In the field of traditional art and craft, food industry or distant, obscure villages India finds huge potentials to open up business at small level. There has not been proper skill enhancement and incentives to optimally reap the natural and population dividends of the rural remote areas.

Agriculture being the backbone of rural areas has resulted in workers migrating in huge numbers to the urban areas. It has been observed that in both the cases population is remaining below poverty line.

The policy that has been designed for rural development has to take care of problems by giving occupation to the rural youth. As it has been seen, self help groups and rural markets have gained good amount of importance in the current scenario. Both non profit and profit organisations have been focussing on rural entrepreneurship.

Entrepreneurship through various means has become the ladder for the poor to help them not only economically but also mentally and socially, thereby taking charge of their overall well-being. Rural producers have sustainable market links which can facilitate in their participation to benefit globalisation and also develop capacity to maintain and enhance global quality standards.